It can be so frustrating going through all the tests to help determine why you have been unable to conceive only to have your doctor tell you that the reason you can’t get pregnant is “unexplained”.
“Unexplained Infertility” is a diagnosis that 5% to 10% of couples may receive. Some studies put this as high as 40% of couples trying to conceive. Most cases of unexplained infertility will usually become explained after the right tests or possibly the appropriate treatment is performed.
The majority of the causes of infertility would be explained with some level of decreased function of the sperm, eggs, uterus or the fallopian tubes. It could also be a combination of these factors. There are tests for egg quality, sperm, the anatomy of the uterus and function of fallopian tubes. If all these tests do not uncover the cause of infertility it would be appropriate to try 3 to 4 cycles of ovulation induction with IUI (intrauterine insemination). If this is unsuccessful, the IVF (in vitro fertilization) may be the best next step.
In almost all cases when a couple with unexplained infertility goes through the IVF treatment, the “Unexplained Infertility” becomes explained with all the information that the cycle yields. Patients get answers and hopefully a successful outcome is achieved at the same time!