When the sperm parameters show very low numbers or poor movement, the couple may need IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). This has allowed some men to have children that would have never been able to conceive naturally.
Sometimes the tube from the testicle to the penis is either blocked or not present. Many of these men have normal sperm production, but the sperm can’t exit with the ejaculate. A simple surgical procedure done with a urologist at NOVA IVF can extract the sperm either from the epididymis (sperm holding tank) or directly from the testicle.
With the use of these procedures at NOVA IVF, most male factor infertility can be completely overcome.
ICSI is an acronym for IntraCytoplasmic Sperm Injection. The sperm is directly placed into the cytoplasm of the egg. This has allowed men with very little sperm to have a child. Prior to the use of this procedure these men would have been unable to conceive a child.
It is recommended that men who have extremely low sperm counts have genetic testing done because they have a higher chance of having some genetically inherited conditions. The testing shown below would be considered important for men who have consistently low sperm counts on every evaluation.
- Cystic Fibrosis
- Y microdeletion